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丘吉尔演讲:NeverGiveUp(英语原文)

2019-10-19

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  NeverGiveUp

  October29,1941

  HarrowSchool

  WhenChurchillvisitedHarrowonOctober29tohearthetraditionalsongsagain,hediscoveredthatanadditionalversehadbeenaddedtooneofthem.Itran:

  "Notlesswepraiseindarkerdays

  Theleaderofournation,

  AndChurchill'snameshallwinacclaim

  Fromeachnewgeneration.

  Foryouhavepowerindanger'shour

  Ourfreedomtodefend,Sir!

  Thoughlongthefightweknowthatright

  Willtriumphintheend,Sir!

  AlmostayearhaspassedsinceIcamedownhereatyourHeadMaster'skindinvitationinordertocheermyselfandcheertheheartsofafewofmyfriendsbysingingsomeofourownsongs.Thetenmonthsthathavepassedhaveseenveryterriblecatastrophiceventsintheworld-upsanddowns,misfortunes-butcananyonesittingherethisafternoon,thisOctoberafternoon,notfeeldeeplythankfulforwhathashappenedinthetimethathaspassedandfortheverygreatimprovementinthepositionofourcountryandofourhome?Why,whenIwasherelasttimewewerequitealone,desperatelyalone,andwehadbeensoforfiveorsixmonths.Wewerepoorlyarmed.Wearenotsopoorlyarmedtoday;butthenwewereverypoorlyarmed.Wehadtheunmeasuredmenaceoftheenemyandtheirairattackstillbeatinguponus,andyouyourselveshadhadexperienceofthisattack;andIexpectyouarebeginningtofeelimpatientthattherehasbeenthislonglullwithnothingparticularturningup!

  Butwemustlearntobeequallygoodatwhatisshortandsharpandwhatislongandtough.ItisgenerallysaidthattheBritishareoftenbetteratthelast.Theydonotexpecttomovefromcrisistocrisis;theydonotalwaysexpectthateachdaywillbringupsomenoblechanceofwar;butwhentheyveryslowlymakeuptheirmindsthatthethinghastobedoneandthejobputthroughandfinished,then,evenifittakesmonths-ifittakesyears-theydoit.

  AnotherlessonIthinkwemaytake,justthrowingourmindsbacktoourmeetingheretenmonthsagoandnow,isthatappearancesareoftenverydeceptive,andasKiplingwellsays,wemust"…meetwithTriumphandDisaster.Andtreatthosetwoimpostorsjustthesame."

  Youcannottellfromappearanceshowthingswillgo.Sometimesimaginationmakesthingsoutfarworsethantheyare;yetwithoutimaginationnotmuchcanbedone.Thosepeoplewhoareimaginativeseemanymoredangersthanperhapsexist;certainlymanymorethanwillhappen;butthentheymustalsopraytobegiventhatextracouragetocarrythisfar-reachingimagination.Butforeveryone,surely,whatwehavegonethroughinthisperiod-IamaddressingmyselftotheSchool-surelyfromthisperiodoftenmonthsthisisthelesson:nevergivein,nevergivein,never,never,never,never-innothing,greatorsmall,largeorpetty-nevergiveinexcepttoconvictionsofhonourandgoodsense.Neveryieldtoforce;neveryieldtotheapparentlyoverwhelmingmightoftheenemy.Westoodallaloneayearago,andtomanycountriesitseemedthatouraccountwasclosed,wewerefinished.Allthistraditionofours,oursongs,ourSchoolhistory,thispartofthehistoryofthiscountry,weregoneandfinishedandliquidated.

  Verydifferentisthemoodtoday.Britain,othernationsthought,haddrawnaspongeacrossherslate.Butinsteadourcountrystoodinthegap.Therewasnoflinchingandnothoughtofgivingin;andbywhatseemedalmostamiracletothoseoutsidetheseIslands,thoughweourselvesneverdoubtedit,wenowfindourselvesinapositionwhereIsaythatwecanbesurethatwehaveonlytoperseveretoconquer.

  YousanghereaverseofaSchoolSong:yousangthatextraversewritteninmyhonour,whicplimentedbyandwhichyouhaverepeatedtoday.ButthereisonewordinitIwanttoalter-Iwantedtodosolastyear,butIdidnotventureto.Itistheline:"Notlesswepraiseindarkerdays."

  IhaveobtainedtheHeadMaster'spermissiontoalterdarkertosterner."Notlesswepraiseinsternerdays."

  Donotletusspeakofdarkerdays:letusspeakratherofsternerdays.Thesearenotdarkdays;thesearegreatdays-thegreatestdaysourcountryhaseverlived;andwemustallthankGodthatwehavebeenallowed,eachofusaccordingtoourstations,toplayapartinmakingthesedaysmemorableinthehistoryofourrace.

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